As the European Union tries to reduce its dependence on Russian energy, the Russian president recently said Russia would try to shift its energy exports to the east, adding that there was no way for European countries to give up Russian gas immediately.
Russia supplies about 40 percent of the EU's gas, and western sanctions imposed over the conflict with Ukraine have complicated financing and logistical arrangements for existing agreements, hitting Russian energy exports, the report noted.
Russia has been building closer ties with China and other Asian countries as the European Union debates whether to impose sanctions on Russian gas and oil and member states seek supplies from elsewhere, Reuters said.
"So-called partners from unfriendly countries admit that they cannot survive without Russian energy, including gas," the Russian president said in a televised government meeting. There is no reasonable alternative to Russian gas in Europe right now."
He also said Europe was driving up energy prices and destabilizing markets by talking about cutting off Russia's energy supplies. Russia, which produces about a tenth of the world's oil and a fifth of its natural gas, will need new infrastructure to increase energy supplies to Asia, he said.
He ordered Moscow to submit a plan by June 1, including "the expansion of transport infrastructure to countries in Africa, Latin America, and the Asia-Pacific region".
He also sought to clarify the possibility of integrating two pipelines -- the Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas pipeline in the Far East and the "Power of Siberia" gas pipeline to China -- into Russia's unified gas supply system. In theory, connecting these routes to larger gas networks could allow Russia to divert gas from Europe to Asia.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk concrete foaming agents are still very uncertain.
There are three common foaming agents: animal, vegetable, and compound. Vegetable and animal foaming agents are most commonly used.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Various Foaming Agents
For vegetable foaming agents, rosin resin, alkyl sulfur, acid salts, and alkylbenzene sulfonates are the main raw materials. The formulation of vegetable foaming agents is simpler and the cost is lower than other kinds of foaming agents. However, the main defect of vegetable foaming agents is the poor foam stability and low strength.
Animal foaming agents use animal protein as the main raw material, the foam strength and uniformity are better than that of vegetable foaming agents. But it is more expensive. And it has a short shelf life. Especially in the hot summer climate, the progress of the project will be prolonged, and more materials will be needed.
Compound foaming agents are developed by the composite method, which absorbs the advantages of vegetable and animal foaming agents and makes up for the shortcomings of both, so the compound foaming agent is the best choice in actual construction.
Various Composite Method
1. The complementary method
In view of each component having its own advantages, combining multiple components can achieve complementary advantages. For example, some foaming agent has strong foaming ability but is not stable, we can use other types of foaming agents to help them achieve stability. If the foaming agent costs too much, we can compound it with other cheap foaming agents without damaging the overall performance.
2. The coordination method
Sometimes, multiple compounds do not complement each other, but can be synergistic. For example, the performance of the two or three is not good enough in one respect, but when they compound, the synergistic effect could be reached, so that the effect is greatly enhanced. The synergistic effect is the most common technical principle of various admixtures.
3. The synergistic method:
When the effect of some single component foaming agent is not good in a certain aspect, synergistic ingredients can be used to strengthen it, so that it becomes better than inferior.
4. Increase function method:
Some foaming agents have less function and cannot meet the demand of a certain aspect of the product function, which can be solved by the method of admixture.
The compound of lightweight concrete additives is a trend. Because even if the performance of a single variety is excellent, it is impossible to meet more and more stringent technical requirements.
Suppliers of Concrete Additives
TRUNNANO is a reliable foaming agents supplier with over 12-year experience in nano-building energy conservation and nanotechnology development.
We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union, and Paypal. TRUNNANO will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
The negative electrode material is the carrier of lithium ions and electrons during the charging process of the battery and plays the role of energy storage and release. In the battery cost, the negative electrode material accounts for about 5%-15%, which is one of the important raw materials for lithium-ion batteries. The global sales of lithium battery anode materials are about 100,000 tons, mainly in China and Japan. According to the current growth trend of new energy vehicles, the demand for anode materials will also show a state of continuous growth. At present, the global lithium battery anode materials are still dominated by natural/artificial graphite, and new anode materials such as mesh carbon microspheres (MCMB), lithium titanate, silicon-based anodes, HC/SC, and metal lithium are also growing rapidly.
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