Rio de Janeiro, Brazil -- Vale today announced that it has completed a pre-feasibility study for its proposed nickel sulfate project in Quebec, Canada, a major milestone in the development of the project. This strategic move demonstrates vale's focus on delivering low carbon and high purity nickel concrete foaming agent are still very uncertain.
Foam concrete contains a large number of closed pores, the air in the pores is a good adiabatic medium, which can cut off the heat exchange. The lower the density, the more pores, the better the adiabatic property. Especially when the density is less than 500 μ m? The thermal conductivity of foamed concrete is less than 0.09w/m.k. Generally speaking, the material with thermal conductivity lower than 0.23 is called thermal insulation material, and the thermal insulation material lower than 0.14w/m.k is called thermal insulation material. Most of the foamed concrete is lower than 0.14w/m.k, and most of them are lower than 0.09w/m.k, so it is a good thermal insulation material.
1. Used for thermal insulation in buildings
Building thermal insulation if all the application of foam concrete, including roof thermal insulation layer, wall insulation layer, floor heating insulation layer (or cushion), is equivalent to using foam concrete to wrap the whole house, one square meter building area needs 0.2m3~0.5m3 foam concrete (roof, floor, four walls are calculated by 5cm insulation layer), a building with a building area of 10,000 square meters, you need foam concrete 2000m3~5000m3.
2. Used for building thermal insulation block
Non-load-bearing thermal insulation block: density 300kg/m3, thermal conductivity 0.05~0.08W/ m k, compressive strength 0.5MPa. The thermal insulation effect of this kind of block is the most ideal, and it is the product with the largest demand for building energy saving and the most lacking in the market. Ultra-light block is the development direction of foam concrete, it can achieve integrated thermal insulation, the wall itself can meet the requirements of 65% energy saving, save the external thermal insulation treatment, and reduce the building thermal insulation cost by 40%, 50%.
Load-bearing thermal insulation block: density 1000~1200kg/m3, compressive strength greater than 10MPa, thermal conductivity 0.18-0.22; it is lighter than red brick, but the thermal insulation is twice as high. This kind of block can completely replace red brick for load-bearing wall, it and thermal insulation, load-bearing, lightweight three functions in one, to replace red brick has great advantages, has a larger market.
3. Used for cold storage heat preservation
Foam was originally used in cold storage thermal insulation, but foam concrete pouring or masonry insulation was used in developed countries because it is easy to aging, shrinking and flammable. It mainly adopts integral cast-in-place, roof, wall, ground all foam concrete cast-in-place, no cold bridge, no gap.
4. Used for thermal insulation of industrial furnace
The main products are fire-resistant and thermal insulation bricks.
Large industrial furnaces such as iron and steel plants, glass plants, ceramic plants, non-ferrous metal smelters and cement calcination kilns need to build a layer of thermal insulation refractory brick on the outside of refractory bricks in order to reduce energy consumption. The original use of floating bead brick, alumina foam brick, the price is very high, now foam concrete refractory brick has replaced the high-priced traditional products, the price is less than half, very competitive.
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Recently, the Turkish government announced that the Turkish President has signed a presidential decree to provide incentives for its Black Sea gas field development projects, including tax exemptions and other preferential measures.
With a fixed investment of 145.1 billion Turkish lira ($10 billion), the project will employ 1,018 people and produce 14 billion standard cubic meters of gas per year, the decree reads. The incentives involved include tariff and VAT exemptions, as well as a range of tax cuts.
In June 2021, Turkish drill ships discovered 135 billion cubic meters of natural gas in the Sakaria field in the Black Sea, bringing Turkey's total gas discoveries in the region to 540 billion cubic meters.
Turkey imports almost all of its annual gas consumption of about 50 billion cubic meters.
Except for natural gas, the supply and prices of many other concrete foaming agent will continue to be influenced by international situations.
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